Stating that Squirrels do not make good pets, Maneka, in this week’s Pet Talk, explains her readers how a Squirrel should be handled.
By Maneka Gandhi
My cow hasn’t been eating well for the last two weeks and there is a drop in milk production as well. Her udders are swollen and red as well. What should I do?
Mastitis or inflammation of the mammary gland is the most common disease of dairy cattle throughout the world. The person milking the cattle has not cleaned his hands, or been rough in milking her or has not cleaned her teats properly afterwards. Although stress and physical injuries may cause inflammation of the gland, infection by invading bacteria or other microorganisms (fungi, yeasts and possibly viruses) is the primary cause of mastitis. Infections begin when microorganisms penetrate the teat canal and multiply in the mammary gland. In severe cases of acute, clinical mastitis — in many instances caused by E. coli infections — the cow may appear very ill indeed. In contrast, subclinical mastitis can result in few symptoms and may only be detectable in a higher than normal Somatic Cell Count.
Most of the indicative symptoms, such as the swelling, heat, redness and the milk abnormalities are a result of an immune response in the cow, the changes in milk constituents in particular caused by infection-fighting white blood cells attempting to eliminate the infective organisms, which may further be responsible for producing toxins which damage the milk-producing glands within the udder, and can be responsible for permanent udder damage in some cases.
In some instances the cow’s immune response is sufficient to efficiently generate a self-cure for the illness, usually in mild cases of the disease where the cow is strong and has a good immune response. The effective drugs are sulphonamides, penicillin and streptomycin.
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